The emerging social science in the mid-twentieth century in Latin America considered inequalities as part of the discussion of capitalist development and the evolution of class relations. In the recent book Rethinking Inequalities , Elizabeth Jelin recovers the mobile phone number list important works that can serve as a counterpoint to more contemporary debates about inequalities and differences. Gender, ethnicity/race and citizenship in class societies Historical realities, analytical approaches Equality is a concern that, implicitly or explicitly, has been and continues to be at the mobile phone number list center of social struggles.
The academic and political debates on the subject have asked if the central thing is the equality of opportunities or of results; if it refers to the expansion of citizenship rights or to compensation and redistribution mechanisms in the face of concentration and polarization produced by the capitalist market economy; if it has to do with human capital or with mobile phone number list social structures; if it is a matter of capabilities or opportunities; even if a social revolution is required to achieve social equality or there may be gradual reform processes.
These debates are not just theoretical; During the last decades, the neoliberal and individualistic economic paradigm, by discarding social structures and the mobile phone number list central function of institutions, has placed the emphasis on individual capacities, on effort and personal achievement as engines of well-being, alluding only tangential to social inequalities. This perspective also took as its ideal and assumption the self-regulating functioning of the market, an assumption that had already been criticized and discarded decades ago by Karl Polanyi.